The difficulty of recovering lost data depends primarily on the extent of the data loss that occurred. When a hard drive crashes, the solutions to recovering the lost data can range from simply recovering files from backup, to using an emergency Boot Disk to needing the help of a data recovery service.
If the user prepared a backup of files on an external hard drive prior to the event of the crash, this is the easiest way that the data can be recovered in case the computer’s hardware crashes. Computer professionals always recommend the importance of backing up user files at regularly scheduled times.
Files can also be recovered through an emergency Boot Disk. When the hard drive is not recognized by the computer, the user can check if it is detected by the BIOS, the shell instructions that run in the background when a PC starts up. If the drive is detected, files may be restored through an emergency Boot Disk. Change the directory of the hard drive and check whether the Master Boot Record is damaged. Master Boot Records can be repaired on a PC with a DOS command prompt by typing fdisk/mbr. This will ensure the safety of the files and will allow the user to access and back them up once the Windows reloads.
Another way of recovering lost data if the hard drive crashes is through the data partition. This can be done by booting the computer from the computer’s startup disk and recovering the files from the data partition. However, data recovery is more difficult when there is no partition visible.
The user can also download and install freeware programs or purchase programs online or in stores that can recover data. As long as the files are not overwritten, there is a good probability that they can still be recovered. Different recovery programs are available in the Internet and can assist in the restoration of files from the hardware.
If there is no way the data can be recovered by using these simple methods, a professional data loss technician can assist in more complex situations. This is important especially if the hardware has physical damages. A data recovery expert is more knowledgeable regarding the proper way of recovering data, ensuring that the files are safe and can still be recovered.